discovere

discovere

Scientists at the University of Adelaide have discovered new cases of herbicide resistance in annual ryegrass, one of the world’s most serious and costly weeds. For the first time, researchers have found that annual ryegrass has developed resistance to paraquat, the second most important “knockdown” herbicide used by cropping farmers.

Weed management experts Dr Peter Boutsalis and Associate Professor Christopher Preston, from the University’s Waite Research Institute, made the discovery in samples taken from two separate farming properties near the South Australian town of Naracoorte.

Annual ryegrass is a major weed worldwide. It is particularly damaging to crops in countries with a Mediterranean climate, with Australia, South Africa, Argentina, Spain and Italy among the worst affected Dr Preston says farmers should be concerned about the development of herbicide resistance This discovery has major implications for farmers,” Dr Preston says.

“Paraquat is the only viable herbicide alternative to the most commonly used herbicide, glyphosate. With more than 100 annual ryegrass populations in Australia already having developed resistance to glyphosate, the discovery of paraquat resistance means that none of the currently available knockdown herbicides can be guaranteed to control ryegrass,” he says.

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